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Okayama Univ. Faculty of Science Dept. of Chemistry Research Laboratory for Surface Science RCNF

Introduction to Research
Research achievement
Lab. tour
Diary of Lab.
Research in Kubozono Lab.
1. Fabrication and characterization of new types of molecular superconductors
2. Fabrication and characterization of light element superconductors
3. Fabrication and characterization of FeSeTe related superconductors
4. Electrostatic carrier control in two-dimensional inorganic materials and topological insulators
5. Electronic devices (transistor and solar cell) based on organic molecules
6. Electrostatic carrier control in graphene and related materials
7. Nanoscale science in light element materials
4. Electrostatic carrier control in two-dimensional inorganic materials and topological insulators

Electrostatic carrier doping is a technique that carriers (electrons or holes) are induced into interface (channel region of semiconductor) between semiconductor and gate dielectric by applying bias voltage to gate dielectric. This technique enables carriers to be accumulated into target materials without any doping of atoms. In general transistor, small amounts of carriers (~1/100 per molecule or atom) are accumulated into the channel region of semiconductor by using this technique, while more than one per molecule or atom may be necessary for a modification of physical properties of materials. Recently, physical properties were controlled in some of inorganic materials by electrostatic doping technique with electric double layer (EDL) capacitor. By use of this technique, Prof. Iwasa group (Univ. Tokyo) succeeded in induction of superconductivity in SrTiO3, ZrNCl, KTaO3….. Thus, the electrostatic doing becomes an important way for making superconductors. Since the carriers are accumulated only in channel region (~1 nm) which contacts (connects) to gate dielectric, the induced superconductivity may be two-dimensional (2D) which is very attractive from physics point of view. We are trying to apply the electrostatic doping technique to 2D organic materials and inorganic materials. Currently, we are applying this technique to FeSeTe systems and topological insulators (ex. Bi2Se3) to modify their physical properties. Our group succeeded in carrier accumulation into FeSe1-xTex by this technique. The topological insulator, in which metallic surface state coexists with bulk band-insulating state, provides an interesting stage for electrostatic carrier doping, because the feature of surface state may be electively extracted by electrostatic doping. Our group has facilities required for experiments of electrostatic doping in a wide temperature region.